Canada's literacy rate is 99%, Nepal's is 57.4%, while Somalia's is 37.8%. Canada is a developed country hence why its literacy rate is very high. Nepal's literacy rate is just a little over 50%. Girls aren't always open to education than boys in Nepal, which limits the number of students in a classroom. Many children are found working in the tea fields instead of studying because their families simply cannot afford a luxury such as education. Somalia's government is very corrupt. Violence is a daily activity in a regular Somalian's life. Many children are forced to become child warriors and brutally kill people, sometimes even their own families. Other children play a role of a sex slave for soldiers, stripping them of their innocence. Somalia doesn't have a high literacy rate
Canada’s infant mortality rate is 4.71 deaths per every 1000 births, Nepal’s is 40.43 deaths per every 1000 births and Somalia’s is 100.14 deaths per 100 births. Canada’s infant mortality rate is the lowest out of these three countries because it is the most developed country and has medicine and vaccination that Nepal and Somalia do not have access to. In both Nepal and Somalia, females have a higher death rate than males. This could imply that preference for sons in developing countries causes mothers to “dispose” of baby girls by killing them, especially in such a traditional country as Nepal.
Canada's HIV prevalence rate is 0.3%, Nepal's is 0.3%, while Somalia's is 0.5%. All three countries have an incredibly low HIV prevalence rate and in this situation Canada's advances in medicine and education does not make it an exception. Both HIV and AIDS have no cure and they may be difficult to treat, but they can be treated. It is suspected that Somalia's prevalence rate is highest of the three countries because although it may be the most susceptible to disease, Somalia also receives plenty of foreign aid from international organizations with the intention of treating HIV.
Canada's fertility rate is 1.59 children per woman, Nepal's fertility rate is 2.3 children per woman, and Somalia's fertility rate is 6.08 children per woman. Canada has the lowest fertility rate because households are more educated and have knowledge that a large family leads to large expenses. Nepal surprisingly has a moderate fertility rate, which shows us that Nepal too is slowly gaining more knowledge of the maintenance of a family and more knowledge about protection. Lastly, Somalia has a high fertility rate. This shows us that perhaps Somalia does not have the knowledge of birth control or other sources of protection leading to such a high number of children being born per family.
The average life expectancy for Canadians is 81.67 years, for Nepal it is 67.19 years and Somalia's life expectancy is 51.58 years. For all three countries, the life expectancy for women is longer than that of men. This is most likely because globally, women tend to have a longer life expectancy then men.